Healthy Diet During Pregnancy-
Healthy Diet During Pregnancy is one of the most important factors for all the pregnant ladies out there. It is not so
much what a woman eats that matters as what she fails to eat. The deficiencies are more important than the excesses.
One thing is certain: the baby will be the last to suffer in cases of malnutrition. For it is a complete parasite. Here are
a few details about Healthy Diet During Pregnancy.
The incidence of premature is influenced by the mother’s diet and her social circumstances. The growth and
development of the fetus are more related to the social background in the patient’sown childhood . Also,to genetic
factors than to the variations in the maternal diet ordinarily encountered in the present pregnancy. As a corollary, it
is an easier delivery with a small baby by dietary restriction.
Nor is the considered necessary any longer with the increasing safety of cesarean section.
The first requisite is an adequate supply of fluid. The patient should be advised to take a liter of fluid over and above
her usual intake. It is the best and most natural defense against constipation. It helps to tread down stasis in the
urinary tract with its resultant liability to infection. The intake of caffeine and alcohol, however, should be restricted.
Constipation is common complaint during pregnancy. One’s first attack on such a problem should be to ensure an
adequate fluid intake, and secondly, to see that the diet contains enough cellulose-containing foods, commonly
referred to as “roughage”. Of these, fruits and vegetables are among the most important. The use of purgative drugs
is often ill-advised and even more often unnecessary.
Of all of them, paraffin is perhaps one of the worst because of its apparent and alleged harmlessness. By coating the
villus crypts in the small intestine it must, to some extent, interfere with absorption from the gut. What the patient
therefore gains in having loose, oily stools she loses in vitamin and mineral intake.
A dietitian should review the diet of all patients on booking and issue advice. “Eating for two” is a myth and results
only in excessive weight gain during pregnancy which is difficult to shed off later.The daily caloric intake should be
increased by about 300 kcal, the normal daily requirements in pregnancy do not generally exceed 2500 kcal.
The protein intake needs to be increased by 15 g per day. About 70 to 90 g of protein and 60 g of fat per day are
desirable levels of intake, but it is not much use telling a woman to eat 70 g of protein if she does not know where t
comes from nor how to measure it.
It is important, therefore, to give her only the planet and most simple advice. Most well-to-do women eat a
reasonably well-balanced diet, but it is among the poorer classes that mistakes are made. In the latter,
carbohydrates, because of their cheapness, are relied upon largely to fill up gaps but they cannot replace the intake of
protein needs to be assessed and supplemented if necessary.
Even the apparently well-nourished, however, are liable to a deficient intake of iron and vitamin D, and iron
deficiency anemia is still such much too common. The daily requirement of elemental iron is about 20mg, and
during the last three months of pregnancy the baby makes its great demands upon the available stores.
Liver, green vegetables and meat are natural sources of iron, women with a hemoglobin less than 11g/dl should
recieve a supplementary supply for which the ferrous salts are eminently suitable.